What is a drum in a washing machine, and how to balance it?

What Is A Drum of a Washing Machine?

Usually, when you open the washing machine door, the thing that rotates to clean the clothes right in front of you is called the drum. The washer drum can have different positions depending on the type of washing machine you use. One crucial factor in purchasing the right washing machine is the type of drum installed in it. Different sizes and styles of drums are available, which act as the capacity determinant for the washing machine you use.

The drum capacity, on usual terms, is considered based on the net weight of the dry clothes that the washer can wash in each cycle. This capacity is lower than the clothes fitted in a static washing machine.

Balancing Issues

One of the most common issues homeowners may face with their washing machines is excessive noise because the machine makes irregular movements. In most cases, it can be a huge discomfort. Plus, the machine’s internal parts can get damaged due to these irregularities as well. The most probable cause for this issue is the imbalanced drum of the washer.

The issue must be solved as soon as possible. In the short term, only drum balancing would solve the issue. However, if the issue is not treated, it can lead to permanent internal damage to the machine, which may require a unit replacement or complete replacement.

Reasons for Drum Washer Being Imbalanced

There are several reasons why the drum washer can be imbalanced:

  • Overloading: Overloading the machine with excessive clothes can lead to minimal space for the clothes to turn when the drum moves. As a result, the drum will make serious noises exerting more power to move its place.
  • Leveling Issue: Make sure that the machine is on level ground. Otherwise, it will make noise because the drum is imbalanced.
  • Shipping Bolts: External fasteners are installed when the washing machine is shipped to prevent drum movement. If these fasteners are not removed, the drum will be imbalanced and may not move in the first place.
  • Internal Part Damage: Damage to the belt, screws, bearings, and bolts can all lead to serious issues in drum leveling. Such imbalance requires a permanent solution for the drum to work again optimally.

How to Balance a Washing Machine?

Multiple steps can be taken to balance the drum of the washer:

  • Place the washing machine on a leveled and balance surface. Make sure there is nothing underneath the machine. Sometimes, the machine’s power cable may be placed beneath it, causing an imbalance. Stop the machine and read the machine manually to tighten the washer’s drum. The loose drum can be solved at home without requiring any special tools. First, the spirit leveler must be placed on the top of the washer. Then, the locknuts are loosened and retightened in the right spot. This way, the machine gets completely balanced and ready for use.
  • Surface leveling is important as well. Consider placing a ply underneath the thick enough machine to level any surface imbalances below it.
  • Machine load must be reduced to the washing capacity of the drum. Don’t overload the machine as it can imbalance the drum and cause permanent damage. Re-start the machine spinning whenever the load is back to its normal capacity.
  • Shipping bolts must be removed. Consider checking the manual for the location of these bolts. Mostly, these are inside the washer near the drum. Make sure that they don’t fall inside the washer when you remove them. Otherwise, they can cause damage to the internal components during the spin.
  • All internal parts must be checked. These include the shock absorbers of the machine. These absorbers help reduce the machine’s excessive movement when the load is being cleaned. Similarly, suspension springs and snubber rings must be checked as well. Finally, the dampening straps and driver bearings are all checked to ensure that the machine is in optimal working condition.

If nothing works, consider hiring professional help to solve the problem for you.


The washer drum must be balanced for effective cleaning, the quieter performance of the machine, and long-term durability.

Related Articles:

Top Problems with Attic Fan Motor and How to Fix Them

What are Slab Foundation Cracks?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *